What helps to fight a sore throat?

Sore ThroatLearn the signs and symptoms of a sore throat with a cold or flu and how to treat it.
Cold
WHAT IS A SORE THROAT?

When it comes to cold and flu symptoms, a sore throat can be scratchy and painful. You know a sore throat can be agitating, but have you ever wondered what a sore throat is exactly?

A sore throat is an inflammation of the pharynx (throat) and surrounding area and is commonly referred to by healthcare providers as “pharyngitis.” It can begin as a scratchy sensation before evolving into full-on pain. Sometimes, it is one of the first signs that you’ve caught a cold or the flu.

WHAT CAUSES A SORE THROAT?

A sore throat is most commonly caused by viruses that lead to a cold or flu. These viruses trigger inflammation at the infection site (along with the accompanying pain, redness, and swelling), signaling the body to send white blood cells and antibodies into the infected tissues to fight off the viruses. The soreness you feel in your throat is the direct result of this inflammation. Unfortunately, swallowing causes additional friction and pain because the irritated tissues slide over one another.

Having a dry throat can also cause your throat to feel sore when you have a cold or flu. For example, if you’re suffering from nasal congestion, you may need to breathe more out of your mouth, which can dry the throat and cause it to feel sore.

Cough with a cold or flu
HOW CAN I TREAT A SORE THROAT?

Sometimes, soothing a sore throat can be as simple as gargling with warm/salty water or using VapoRub. Both are good for a sore throat because they stimulate production of saliva and mucus, both of which are important for maintaining lubrication.

A sore throat can also be treated with analgesics (painkillers) found in over-the-counter medications. 

HOW LONG DOES A SORE THROAT LAST?

If your sore throat is caused by a viral infection, it will likely last a few days and clear up on its own. If your sore throat does not improve after a week, you often get sore throats, you have a sore throat and a very high temperature or you have a weakened immune system, see your GP promptly.

Fever with a cold or flu
HOW CAN I PREVENT A SORE THROAT?

Since most sore throats are the result of cold and flu viruses, the best way to prevent a sore throat is to practice good hygiene. Wash your hands frequently, avoid sharing drinking glasses or utensils, use alcohol-based hand sanitizers and avoid close contact with people who are sick.

Maintain a high
level of hygiene
Wash your hands frequently Sanitize
your hands
Avoid contact with sick people
Product recommendations from Vicks for sore throats
VICKS VAPORUB
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